Traders can choose from a wide range of trading instruments. These can include Stock indexes, ETFs, and Commodity derivatives. Each of these can have different advantages. Choosing the right instrument can help to ensure that you make money on your investments.

Index futures

Index futures are trading instruments that allow traders to speculate on the direction of the stock market. Traders use index futures as a means of hedging their stock portfolios, or they may simply want to trade a wide array of assets.

There are two main types of futures: equity index futures and futures contracts. Investors using these options should consider how much risk they are willing to take. Also, they should analyze their strategy to see if they can make a profit or not.

The first type of index futures is the S&P 500 contract. This is a futures contract that was launched on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange in 1983. It was the first of its kind. Today, the S&P 500 contract is the most commonly traded equity index futures.

Commodity derivatives

Commodity derivatives are financial instruments that are used to manage price risk and to hedge against the volatility in commodity prices. These can be traded over the market, as spot transactions or as forward contracts. There are two main types of commodity derivatives: swaps and futures.

A futures contract is a legally binding agreement between a buyer and seller. The buyer agrees to buy a specific quantity of a physical commodity at a specified price. If the price goes higher than the agreed price, the seller can sell the commodity to the buyer at a lower price.

Derivatives are an important part of the commodities trade. They help investors manage the risk of fluctuating prices, and protect their capital from inflation. However, these investments can be very volatile.


Investing in the stock market involves the continuous exchange of financial instruments. These include stocks, bonds, and derivatives. Each of these financial products has a unique set of features. You should choose one that will best suit your financial capabilities and investment goals.

The most obvious financial product in the stock market is the share. When you purchase a share you become a shareholder of the company. Stocks tend to trade more actively than other securities, making it easier to get into and out of the market.

The other financial products of the stock market are the options and derivatives. Derivatives are contracts that allow traders to buy and sell assets at a pre-determined price. Options, on the other hand, allow you to buy or sell shares at a specified price.

Stock indexes

Stock indexes are used by investors and traders to help them track the performance of a particular sector or the overall stock market. They are not tradeable directly, but can be bought or sold through futures contracts or other financial products.

There are two basic types of stock indexes. The first, market capitalisation weighting, gives a greater weight to companies with a larger market cap.

Another, price weighting, assigns a percentage of a company’s value to its share price. In the case of a hypothetical price-weighted index, a stock priced at $70 would represent 70% of the total index.

One of the most common indices is the S&P 500. This index reflects the stock market in the United States. It includes large and medium-sized firms.

Similarly, the EU50 index is comprised of the top 50 companies from the Eurozone.


Exchange-Traded Funds are a form of investment that enables retail investors to gain access to equities and other financial instruments. They trade like common stocks on an exchange and are priced to match the underlying indices.

Exchange-Traded Funds offer a wide range of benefits. These include lower average costs and liquidity, allowing investors to make investments during trading hours.

However, they are also subject to risks and costs. Investors should carefully consider all of these factors before deciding to purchase ETFs.

The industry for Exchange-Traded Funds has been on a roll in recent years. In 2016, total assets under management (AUM) for the global ETF industry exceeded $4 trillion. Its growth is driven by both demand from retail investors and financial planners seeking low-cost equity strategies.